How to Tell When a Speaker Isn’t Thinking, and How Not to Become That Speaker

Here’s a word of advice if you are ever the subject of an interview: Have a conversation, not a recital.

We’ve all heard those bizarre talks where the interviewer and the interviewee seem to be having two entirely separate discussions. But what’s actually going on there? It’s a situation where the interviewee is not thinking – at least, not thinking about the interview as any sort of conversation.

There are two types of non-thinking interviewees: the propagandists and the rote-reciters.